Shelly`s novel is best understood in the historical context of the Romanticist era in which it was written. Many Romantic influences are evident in the novel, along with other elements such as Gothicism, Which was also popular at the time.
Urbanisation and industrialisation was considered by the Romantics to be repressive and so the world of nature was favoured in its place. The natural world and the appeal to the senses that it offered was thought to be a means of allowing mankind to reach a higher plane of existence.
Frankenstein in many ways is a hybrid genre text, having elements that are both Gothic and Romantic.