Frankenstein describes the fiend as a monstrous or supernatural devil- ‘’I was cursed by some devil, and carried about with me my eternal hell’’. Linked by many features such as a desire to learn and extract vengeance and scarred by the emotional suffering that results, they become mirror mirrored reflections of each other. Their identities fuse as part of the Doppelganger motif, forging an ambivalent relationship between good and bad. This helps reinforce the central thematic concern of monstrosity, challenging the reader to ponder the nature of humanity and its evil twin.


Shelley’s style is rich and engaging and this partly explains the enduring population of her novel. Throughout the text, there are examples whereby the reader is reminded of structural features of her tale. References to the fact that this story that is being verbally recounted, alert the reader to the effective Chinese box narration style. It also allows a momentary pause in the narration which provides a allows momentary pause in the narration which provides a time to reflect and ponder on what has been stated.

In chapter four for example, Victor breaks his story by the comment: “I see your eagerness and the wonder and hope which your eyes express, my friend, that you expect to be informed of the secret with which I am acquainted; that cannot be; listen patiently until the end of my story.. ”This is a particularly engaging narrative device that keeps the reader’s interest heightened and makes them identify with the listening Walton who is eager to hear more of Victor’s story.
Irony is another method that is used repeatedly throughout the tale to increase the sense of tragedy. Early in Victor’s account to Walton, he speaks about how he had initially viewed his scientific work and what and what it would achieve. He naively believed; “ A new species would bless me as its creator and source; many happy and excellent natures would owe their being to me. No father could claim the gratitude of his child so completely as I should deserved theirs.”
The reality of what occurs is so drastically different to his rosy expectations that we momentarily sympathies with his disillusionment. It becomes apparent that there is another idealistic motive of being able to restore and to restore and “renew life where death had apparently devoted the body corruption.” Shelley also ensures that a personal relationship is formed with the characters who are being represented. This is achieved by a re-establishment of the narrative content; “but I forgot that I am moralizing in the most interesting part of my tale, and your looks remind me to proceed.”
  • Oxymoron:
“Cruel kindness”, “sorrowful delight”, “mournful greeting”, “sorrowful affection”, “miserable marriage”
The novel’s stylistic qualities are dramatic and gripping. While written in the early nineteenth century, it deals with themes about the excesses of science and man’s irreverence for mature which have enabled it to remain contemporary and socially relevant. Gothic concerns of man’s perversions. Repressed desires and suffering retain their ongoing significance even though the historical and social context has changed dramatically. The “darkness and distance” that ends the novel and continues to strike a chord in the reading public, endures the ongoing validly of Shelley’s horrid “waking dream”.